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1.2 Geographic-factual framework of the country and the region

Geographic location : Central Europe
Area : 49,035 km2
Population : 5,379,455

Borders :
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Austria
  • Czech Republic
  • Ukraine

  • Religions :
  • Roman Catholic – 68.9%
  • Protestant – 6.9%
  • Atheist – 13.0%
  • Other – 11.2%

  • Nationalities :
  • Slovak – 85.5%
  • Hungarian – 9.7%
  • Romany – 1.7%
  • Czech – 0.8%
  • Other – 2.0%

  • Time zone : GMT + 1 hour
    Currency : Slovak crown (SKK)
    Parliamentary system : Republic
    Official language : Slovak

    1.2.1 Administrative division of the Slovak Republic

    Source : SARIO

    The Slovak Republic is divided into eight municipal districts and some territorial districts. A municipal district is an independent and autonomous unit in SR. A district is a smaller territorial unit of the state administration which divides Slovakia into the areas where the local branches of state organs carry out their competences.

    Originally, Slovakia was divided into smaller territorial units – departments (their last amount was 79), this term is officially ceasing to be used, but it persists in informal communication between people as a name of a certain territory. Within the framework of the decentralization of the state administration there have been district offices established which currently work as umbrella bodies even for several original departments at the same time. Some state organs still operate within the original department borders (e.g. police forces).

    Self-governing regions and their administrative centres are :
  • Region of Bratislava - Bratislava
  • Region of Trnava - Trnava
  • Region of Trenčín - Trenčín
  • Region of Nitra - Nitra
  • Region of Žilina - Žilina
  • Region of Banská Bystrica - Banská Bystrica
  • Region of Košice - Košice
  • Region of Prešov - Prešov

  • 1.2.2 Level of education of Slovak population

    In the academic year 2004/2005 there were 161 626 students attending the universities with an increasing trend for a last decade as shown in the graph below this text. There are two reasons explaining this growth – increased birth rate in the 70’s and a higher percentage of high-school graduates attending the universities (which is a promising fact for the expansion of the educational economy). There are several facts about Slovak higher education stated in the following graphs.

    Universities in SR and the development of their amount
    Public universities ; State universities ; Private universities

    Faculties in SR and the development of their amount
    University ; Agricultural ; Technical ; Artistic ; Economic ; Military and patrol

    Percentage of new students of the full-time study at the universities to the amount of high-school graduates ; Secondary school ; Secondary trade school ; Apprentice training school

    Source : UIPS

    There are currently more than 160 000 students studying at the universities in SR. This amount was more than doubled since 1993. There were more than 20 000 students graduating from the universities in Slovakia in the academic year 2003/2004.

    The universities are distributed all over Slovakia. In 2003 there were almost 150 000 university students, almost one third of them was studying in Bratislava, 14 000 students in Trnava, 20 000 in Nitra, 15 000 in Banská Bystrica, 20 000 in Košice, 10 000 in Prešov, 4 000 in Trenčín, 9 000 in Žilina.

    1.2.3 Traffic infrastructure

    Railway infrastructure in SR

    Source : Železnice Slovenskej Republiky

    Road-traffic infrastructure in SR

    Source : Slovenská správa ciest/ÚGKK SR/ArcSlovakia
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